"Infant walkers serve no essential purpose," Shields and Smith write. "Infant walkers do not help a child learn to walk, and, in fact, they can delay normal motor and mental development." -link-
"Invented some 250 years ago, baby walkers make infants mobile — too mobile, pediatricians say. From 1990 through 2001, baby walker injuries sent nearly 200,000 U.S. babies to emergency rooms. Three out of four of these babies fell down stairs. Most suffered head wounds. Some died." -link-
"baby will eventually learn how to walk by going through the whole learning process"
Mary Weck, PT, a clinical specialist at Children’s Memorial Hospital in Chicago, said she has seen more babies walking later because when they hang suspended in a walker or a saucer, they aren’t exercising the muscles they need for walking. "We’ve seen children who are over 18 months old who aren’t walking," Weck said. "Usually children walk when they are between 11 and 15 months. The only known condition these babies have in common is spending an inordinate amount of time in a walker or saucer."They don’t have the power to stay upright on their own because they don’t have good back extensors or abdominal muscles." The can have a negative influence on balance. Weck said she is even more concerned by children who are developing a posture that is almost sway-back because of the overuse of walkers or saucers.They arch their back in an unusual way," she said. "That posture can cause back pain in adults, and there may be potential for long-term disability." When she treats teenagers with back pain, Weck asks whether they used a walker as a baby. Almost invariably, the answer is "yes". The devices also could contribute to difficulty with the feet because children often wind up waling on their toes or pronating their feet.
Berikut adalah kajian yang dilakukan di Singapura berkenaan baby walker. Menarik untuk dikongsi bersama. Harap bermanfaat.OBJECTIVES:To study the impact of infant walker use on motor development and injuries.POPULATION:One hundred and eighty five parents or primary care givers who attended a Singapore government polyclinic from September 1993 to February 1994, with their infants between 7 to 10 months, for a developmental assessment session.SETTING:A government polyclinic in Singapore.METHODS:The parent or primary care giver answered questions pertaining to infant walker use and injuries attributed to its use. Each infant was then given the Singapore modified version of the Denver Developmental Screening Test (DDST-S), along with a full clinical examination; both testers were blinded to walker use.RESULTS:One hundred and sixty seven (90%) of 185 infants used walkers regularly, and 21 (12.5%) of the users had one or more injuries. Most injuries were minor, such as bruises and swellings on the head, forehead, face, and cheeks. None of the children who did not use walkers showed any abnormal DDST-S results whereas 18 (10.8%) of the 167 walker users had either abnormal or questionable DDST-S results.CONCLUSIONS:12.5% of walker users had one or more injuries and walker use may also delay the child’s motor development. These findings will help the physician or nurse in primary care settings to advise parents about the potential hazards of walker use.Rujukan: Infant walker use, injuries and motor development. Injury Prevention. 1997 Mar;3(1):63-6.
"The researchers note that Canada now bans baby walkers. Canadian consumers face fines of up to $100,000 or six months in jail if found in possession of a baby walker, they note."
"An exersaucer can be a nice alternative" to a walker, says Dr. Greene ("BabyWalkers," Dr. Greene: http://www.drgreene.com/21_810.html )Exersaucers allow children to spin, rock, bounce, and sit upright, and areconsidered safe. Dr. Sears says "Parents often ask if these are safe for thechild?s hips or back ? don?t worry, these toys are fine." (FAQS, AskDr. Sears: http://www.askdrsears.com/faq/az16.asp )Generally, doctors think exersaucers are just fine for babys,but there are exceptions. Dr. Suzanne Dixon says, "Exersaucers...hold achild's hip extended, just as walkers do, which is not good if a babyspends a lot of time in them...Also, these devices, like walkers,prevent a child from seeing his feet.New data on walkers suggests that thislack of visual feedback hinders kids' learning from theirown movements. However, Exersaucers and Supersaucers are better thanwalkers in that a child is more centered over his feet and less on histoes. He also has to work on balance a bit more...For infants withmotor problems and atypical development, we sometimes use thesedevices as one part of a program to get a baby upright and to increasehis muscle tone and strength in the trunk. If you need a safe spot toplace your baby while cooking dinner or doing the laundry, these arehandy. But putting any typically developing infant in these for longperiods of time is likely to slow things up." ("Are Exersaucers andSupersaucers harmful for my baby's development? Pampers:)